Godwin Uroko EJEH 1, Prof. M. J. Adejoh 2, Prof. (Mrs.) A. N. O. Ochu 3, and Prof. (Mrs.) E. G. Egbe-Okpenge 4
1, 2, 3 Department of Science Education, Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University, Makurdi, Nigeria
4 Department of Educational Foundations and General Studies, Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University, Makurdi, Nigeria
The study investigated the Effects of Field Trip and Discovery Methods on Senior Secondary School Students’ Retention in Biology in Makurdi Local Government of Benue State, Nigeria. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study and four hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Quasi-experimental design of the non-randomized pre-test post-test control group was used. The sample was made up of 205 SSI students from five senior secondary schools in Makurdi Local Government Area of Benue State. A multistage sampling technique was adopted to draw the sample. The instruments- Biology Achievement Test (BAT) and Biology Retention Test (BRT) were used for data collection and the reliability of BAT was 0.77 using Kuder Richardson formula (KR20). The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviations while the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The result showed that the Field Trip and Discovery methods enhanced students’ retention in Biology. There was no significant difference between male and female students’ retention in Biology. Based on the findings of the study, secondary school Biology teachers were recommended to adopt these methods in teaching. Suggestions were also made that the methods should be used for other topics that students may find difficulties in the senior secondary schools.
Keywords: Pedagogy, Biology Education, Field Trip Method, Discovery Method, Retention
How to Cite this Article:
Ejeh, G. U., Adejoh, M. J., Ochu, A. N. O. & Egbe-Okpenge, E. G.. (2021). Effects of Field Trip and Discovery Methods on Senior Secondary School Students’ Retention in Biology in Benue State, Nigeria. VillageMath Educational Review (VER), 2(1), 54-77. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4957719