Blessing NWAOKOLO 1, Prof. Musa James ADEJOH 2, Dr. Okwara Kalu OKWARA 2 and Dr. Paul Igber ANYAGH 3
1 Air Force Institute of Technology, Kaduna, Nigeria
2 Department of Science Education, Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University, Makurdi, Nigeria
3 Department of Mathematics Education, Joseph Sarwuan Tarka University, Makurdi, Nigeria
This study was designed to determine the effect of Video Instructional Package (VIP) on secondary school students’ achievement in Biology in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria. Two research questions were asked and two hypotheses were formulated and tested. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design of non-randomized pretest posttest control group type. The population of the study is 2100 while the sample of 138 SS2 students was drawn from four secondary schools using multistage sampling technique. In each of the schools intact classes were randomly assigned to VIP and lecture method. Biology Achievement Test (BAT) was used to collect data, validated by five experts, trial-tested and used for the study. Kuder-Richardson formula 20 (K-R20) was used to determine the reliability of BAT and the reliability coefficient was found to be 0.89 implying that the instrument was reliable enough for the study. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there is a significant difference in the achievement of students taught Biology using VIP and those taught using lecture method. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the achievement of male and female students taught using VIP. It was therefore recommended that textbook writers and publishers should take advantage of the relatively new use of VIP and incorporate it into their textbooks for secondary schools so that the students will benefit.
Keywords: Video Instructional Package, Academic Achievement, Biology Education, Senior Secondary Education, Biology
How to Cite this Article:
Nwaokolo, B., Adejoh, M. J., Okwara, O. K. & Anyagh, P. I. (2022). Effect of Video Instructional Package (VIP) on Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Biology in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria. VillageMath Educational Review (VER), 3(1), 97-107. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5817928